GLOBAL WARMING & MARINE LIFE
Global warming as a result of human activity is one of our greatest global crises. It is already having a negative impact on people and nature around the world. However, we can still curb climate change, and you too can help.
Global warming and the destruction of the natural habitats of our planet’s marine species have unfortunately affected their biodiversity for years. Rising temperatures are particularly affecting creatures that live in the ocean . This classified ad will help you learn about species that may not be among us in the years to come.
THE BLUE WHALE, HUGE IN DANGER
Weighing 200 tons, approximately 33 elephants, the blue whale is the largest mammal on the planet. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, it is estimated that currently only between 10,000 and 25,000 copies remain in our oceans
The blue whale population was hit hard in the 20th century, when popular whaling became indiscriminate. Although it has been banned since 1966, many people die when caught in fishing nets or when hit by large ships.
THE SEA TURTLE
There are currently six different species of sea turtles in Indonesia , as its climate and coastline are ideal for breeding.
However, the population of these six species is classified as vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. The main threats to these reptiles are: destruction of nesting sites, illegal hunting or uncontrolled overexploitation.
VAKITA MARINA, ON THE VERGE OF EXTINCTION
Vakita marina, scientifically named Phocoena sinus, is the rarest cetacean on the planet. This species is on the verge of extinction, although it was discovered only 60 years ago.
In 2015, the population of sea urchins was only 97 people. In 2017, 67% of the population died and we now have less than 40 copies worldwide. The main reason that has caused the almost complete extinction of these cetaceans is the use of floating fishing nets and invisible curtains that float in the water and kill thousands of creatures.
THE IRRAWADDY DOLPHIN
This species looks very different from that of a conventional dolphin. It lives on the banks and mouths of the Irrawaddy River, and the areas along the Ganges and Mekong rivers in Southeast Asia. However, this is not a freshwater dolphin. Its skull, rounded and blunt like a melon, is one of its most characteristic features.
This species has a lifespan of about 30 years and is usually a slow swimmer. due to lack of legislation , only 85 copies remain in the Mekong River area .
It is believed that fishing with electricity and the use of poisons, they are the main reasons for this species, which also appear on the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
THE MOON IS A FISH
This marine species is also difficult to study and observe due to its rarity and scarcity of specimens. Also called a sea fish, its appearance is similar to that of a large rib head. It can measure up to three meters in length and weigh between 247 and 2,000 kilograms.
Its habitats are in the Pacific, Indian, Mediterranean and Atlantic Oceans. The largest populations are concentrated in Indonesia and the southern coasts of California . However, we are facing the problem of human fishing methods , as the aforementioned floating nets, which kill thousands of marine animals each year.
The reason for the decline in the population is mainly its commercial hunting. In the 60s of the 20th century it became clear that the species is in rapid decline and its extinction is very likely. Nowadays, the entire population is estimated at less than 600 individuals scattered over a large area. This necessitates the classification of this species as critically endangered.
Amazing mammal endangered worldwide. It lives on the banks of rivers, densely overgrown with vegetation and forests or on rocky shores. It can also be observed hunting in the sea. Very good swimmer, you hunt at night, deftly catching fish, even in complete darkness. It is for this reason that many animals fall prey to fishing nets or are killed by fishermen. Threats to the species are habitat loss, water pollution leading to skin permeability, cooling and death. The guinea pig , also called the renter or relict renter , is a marine mammal of the Guinea Pig family. Observations in the Black Sea have shown mass mortality. One of the reasons is the pollution of water with pesticides.