TYPES OF POLLUTION
Pollution is the result of the exponential growth and development of a people. One way or another, it worsens the quality of human life and creates an imbalance in the environment.
Pollution is the result of progress and development that happens on a regular basis. Technology is rapidly developing to improve the quality of human life. All this undoubtedly provides a high level of comfort and rich life for all people, but significantly reduces the quality of human health; the need to have a good and healthy environment is ignored.
Many new inventions and innovations pose a threat to human life because they are artificially created. This artificial and unsystematic way of providing the best conditions for life creates the components necessary for human life. Whatever item we take, be it basic necessities such as clothing or even food, they are now produced synthetically. However, one close look at ecology is enough to understand that the increase in the needs of the modern way of life ultimately upsets the balance in ecology.
The following are the most common types of environmental pollution, which gradually cause various diseases in people.
Water pollution any noise that is unpleasant to human hearing is noise pollution. Loud and harsh sounds from factories, machinery, trains, cars, heat crackles, and explosions are also noise pollution. It is also caused by some natural disasters such as hurricanes and volcanic eruptions. Both natural and anthropogenic factors that create noise and sound pollution affect human health. They cause irritation, hearing problems, and headaches. But these are not the main problems, because completely unbearable sounds can be very dangerous, because they increase the level of cholesterol, narrow the arteries, increase the flow of adrenaline, and increase the heart rate. All these factors are life-threatening because they can lead to heart attack and stroke.
Any harmful components and substances that enter a particular water body, such as rivers, oceans, ponds, reservoirs, and streams, lead to water pollution. Many human activities, such as laundry, dry cleaning, and waste disposal, contribute significantly to water pollution. The soaps and detergents we use on a daily basis are also made from harmful chemicals and synthetic materials that pollute the water very badly. In addition, discarded waste such as canisters, bottles, and plastic materials are also hazardous. This not only destroys marine life but is also dangerous to human life. Such polluted water is unsuitable for drinking, use in agriculture, and even in industry.
Air pollution is caused by the release of harmful substances into the atmosphere. One of the key factors is pollution from automobile exhaust. With the development of technology, the number of vehicles on the roads is increasing enormously, which ultimately increases the level of atmospheric pollution. Not to mention that various industries such as cement, steel, coal mining, petrochemical, and thermal power plants also produce harmful substances that are released into the atmosphere. This type of pollution harms the protective ozone layer in the atmosphere. This layer protects the earth from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays, and its thinning entails a threat to human life.
Radioactive contamination is rare but causes great harm. It is caused by accidents that occurred at nuclear power plants, improper disposal of nuclear waste, and work in uranium mines. Radioactive contamination causes cancer, various birth defects, and many other serious health problems.
Many artificial substances and synthetic pesticides are used in agriculture today. They release pollutants that create an imbalance in the soil and also interfere with the natural growth of plants grown on contaminated land. The key contributors to soil pollution are sewers, hazardous waste, improper agricultural practices, the use of inorganic pesticides, deforestation,open-pitt mining, and human activities such as dumping and littering.